Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik

 

Direction No. 11 of 1998

 

Subject :-       EXAMINATIONS LEADING TO THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINE & SURGERY. (B.H.M.S.)

 

 


            Whereas the Hon’ble Governor of the Maharashtra has promulgated Maharashtra Ordinance No. XI of 1998 namely “ The Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (Continuance) Ordinance, 1998” (hereinafter referred to as an Ordinance,) for establishment of Maharashtra University of Health Sciences at Nashik;

 

            AND WHEREAS it is duty of the University to hold the Examinations of the courses conducted by the University as provided under sub-section (ii) of section 5 of an Ordinance,

 

            AND WHEREAS THE UNIVERSITY has decided to conduct the first year B.H.M.S. Examination;

 

            AND WHEREAS conduct of Examination is a subject matter of Ordinance as provided under sub-section (VI) of section 50 of an Ordinance.

 

AND WHEREAS Ordinance for conducting of an Examination leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Homoeopathy and Medicine Surgery. (First year of B.H.M.S. Examination) is not in existence;

 

AND WHEREAS making of an Ordinance is a time taking process; Now, therefore, I, Dr. D. G. Dongaonkar, Vice-Chancellor of the University in exercise of the powers conferred upon me under sub-section (8) of section 16 of an Ordinance issue following Direction.

 

1.                  This Direction shall be called “ Examination leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery (B.H.M.S.) direction.1998”

 

2.                  This Direction shall come into force with effect from the date of its issuance.

 

3.                  In this Direction, unless the context otherwise required B.H.M.S. means the Degree of Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery.

 

4.                  There shall be the following four examinations leading to the Degree of B.H.M.S.

(i)          First B.H.M.S. Examination after one and half years.

(ii)       Second B.H.M.S. Examination after Two and half years.

(iii)     Third B.H.M.S. Examination after Three and half years.

(iv)      Final B.H.M.S. Examination after Four and half years.

 

5.                  The Examinations referred to in paragraph 4 above shall held twice a year in Winter and Summer at such places and on such dates as may be decided by the University.

6.                  The course for B.H.M.S. Degree shall be of 5 ½ years duration including One year compulsory rotatory internship after passing the Final B.H.M.S. Examination. The Degree of B.H.M.S. shall not be conferred unless the candidate has worked as internee for the prescribed duration upto the satisfaction of the Head of the Institution in a Hospital approved by the University.

 

 

 

 

7.                  ADMISSION TO COURSE.

 

(A) Minimum Qualifications: - No candidate shall be admitted to the to the  

First Year B.H.M.S. (Degree) Course unless he has :-

 

(a)         Attained the age of 17 years on or before 31st December of the year of his admission to the first year of the Course.

 

(b)   Passed the 12th standard Examination of the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, with English, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics or any other subject instead of Mathematics or any other subject instead of Mathematics as his/her subject at the 11th and 12th standard or any other examination recognised as equivalent there to in such subjects and with standard of attainment as may be prescribed.

 

(B)       An applicant for admission to Second B.H.M.S. Examination, shall have passed first B.H.M.S. Examination.

 

(C)   An applicant for admission to the Third B.H.M.S. Examination. Shall have passed the Second B.H.M.S. Examination.

 

(D) An applicant for admission to the Final B.H.M.S. Examination, shall have passed the Third B.H.M.S. Examination.

 

8.                  Every candidate for B.H.M.S. Degree shall have attended a regular course of study for a period of not less than one and half academic years for the first B.H.M.S. Examination and not less than one academic year for each of the three examination viz-Second, Third & Final B.H.M.S. Degree Course in affiliated College in the Following Subjects.

(i)          FOR THE FIRST B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION.

a)            Anatomy.

b)           Physiology including Biochemistry.

c)           Homeopathic Pharmacy

d)           Homeopathic Materia Medica & Organon Homeopathic Philosophy and Physiology.

 

(ii)       FOR THE SECOND B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION

a)            Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examination

 

First B.H.M.S. Examination

 

9.      Admission to examination, scheme of examination etc.

(i) Any undergraduate may be admitted to the First B.H.M.S. examination provided that he has regularly attended the following courses of instruction in the subjects of the examination, theoretical and practical for not less than one and half years at a Homoeopathic College to the satisfaction of the head of such College

            The Courses of minimum number of lectures, demonstrations/practical clinical classes/seminars etc. in the subjects shall be as shown below :-

 

Subject

 

Theoretical

 

Number of lectures / Demonstration /practical /tutorial classes

*Introduction

 

 

 

 

Including

(150)

 

250 Hrs.

50 Hrs.

Materia Medica &

(*100)

 

 

 

Homoeopathic

 

 

 

 

Philosophy

 

 

 

 

Anatomy

 

 

200 Hrs.

450 Hrs.

Physiology inclu-

 

 

250 Hrs.

400 Hrs.

Ding Biochemistry

 

 

 

 

Homoeopathic

 

 

50 Hrs.

100 Hrs.

Pharmacy

 

 

 

 

 

            *Students should be given introductory lectures on history of medicine in general with special reference to the emergence of Homoeopathy, contribution made by Hahnemann  to medicine in general, life of Hahnemann, the history of the development of Homoeopathy in India, various schools of thought in Homoeopathy and their critical evaluation, comparative study of fundamentals of various  systems of medicine, introduction of basic medical science like Anatomy, Physiology Pathology etc. their inter-relationship and relevance to the clinical subjects, importance of biochemistry and pathology in homoeopathic practice (as an illustration, a little exposure to the clinical materials) the outlines of homoeopathic philosophy, study of man as a whole both in health and disease, introduction to the philosophy of materia medica and its study with illustration by a few drug-picture of importance commonly used drugs, integrated approach towards the medical, surgical and gynaecological diseases, acquaintance with pharmacological action of some of the commonly used modern drugs so as to give them idea about the iatrogenic disease caused by those modern drugs, an introduction to biostatistics, a brief study of logic, psychology and psychiatry, the role of a physician in the changing society, national health and family welfare needs and programmes of the country.

            Greater emphasis should be laid on teaching of Homoeopathic Materia Medica will the help of drug pictures of important drugs and on the Homoeopathic Philosophy.

            The First B.H.M.S. examination shall be held at the end of 18 months of First B.H.M.S. Course.

(ii)    The examination shall be written, oral and practical.

(a)    The examination in Homoeopathic pharmacy shall consist of one theoretical paper, one practical examination and one oral examination.

(b)    The examination in anatomy shall consist of two theoretical papers, one practical examination and one oral examination.

(c)    The examination in physiology shall consist of two theoretical papers, one practical examination and one oral examination.

(d)    The examination in Materia Medica and Homoeopathic Philosophy shall consist of one theoretical paper and one oral examination.

               Three hours shall be allowed for each theoretical paper in each subject.

(iii) A candidate securing 75 % or above marks in any of the subjects shall be declared to receive honours in that subject provided he has passed the examination in the first attempt.

(iv)      In order to pass the first B.H.M.S. Examination a candidate must pass in all subjects of the examination.

(v)         Pass marks in all subjects both homoeopathic and allied medical subjects shall be 50% in each part (Written, oral and practical)-

(vi)      Full marks for each subject and the minimum number of marks required for passing are as follows :-

 

Subject

Written

Oral

Practical

Total

Full

Pass

Full

Pass

Full

Pass

Full

Pass

Pharmacy

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

Anatomy

200

100

100

50

100

50

400

200

Physiology & Biochemistry

200

100

100

50

100

50

400

200

Materia Medica

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

& Homoeopathic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Philosophy (20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Polychrest drugs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Will be expected

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From Syllabus of Ist BHMS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In Organon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aphorism 1-145)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SECOND B.H.M.S EXAMINATION

 

10. (i) No candidate shall be admitted to the II B.H.M.S. examination unless:-

a) He has passed the first B.H.M.S examination at least one year previously; and

b)   Has regularly attended the following courses of instructions, theoretical and practical in the subjects of the examination over a period of at least one year in a recognized Homoeopathic College subsequent to his passing the First B.H.M.S. examination to the satisfaction of the head of the college.

ii) courses of the  minimum number of lectures, demonstrations and practical/clinical classes in the subjects shall be shown below:-

 

 

Subjects

Theoretical

Practical/Clinical / Tutorial classes

Pathology, bacteriology and parasitology

150

50

Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

50

20

Social and Preventive Medicine ( including health education and family medicine )

150

100

Materia Medica

50

70

Organan and Homoeopathic Philosophy

125

100

 

 

 

iii) The Second B.H.M.S. examination shall be held at the end of 2 ½ years of B.H.M.S Course.

 

iv) The examination shall be written, oral, practical and/or clinical as provided hereinafter, three hours being allowed for each paper.

 

v) The examination in pathology, bacteriology and parasitology shall consist of one theoretical paper, one practical examination and one oral examination including questions of microscope and microscopic specimens.

 

vi) The examination in social and preventive medicine including health education and family medicine shall consist of one theoretical paper, one oral examination and one spotting and identification of specimens.

 

vii) The examination in forensic medicine and toxicology shall consist of one theoretical paper, one oral examination and one identification and spotting of specimens.

 

viii) The examination in Homoeopathic Materia Medica shall consist of one theoretical paper, one practical and one oral examination.

 

ix) The examination in organon shall consist of one theoretical paper, one oral and practical examination.

 

x) The candidate securing 75 per cent or above marks in any of the subjects shall be declared to receive honours in that subject provided he has passed the examination in first attempt.

 

i)       In order to pass the second B.H.M.S. examination, a candidate shall have passed in all subjects of the examination.

ii)                Full marks for such subjects and the minimum number of marks required for passing ar3 as follows:

 

Subject

Written

Oral

Practical

Total

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Pathology

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

Social & preventive Medicine (including Health Education & family Medicine)

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

Materia Medica

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

Organan & Homoeopathic Philosophy

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THIRD B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION

 

11. (i) No candidate shall be admitted to the Third B.H.M.S. examination unless:

a)      he has passed the second B.H.M.S. examination at least one year previously; and

b)     has regularly attended the following courses of instructions, theoretical and practical, in the subjects of examination over a period of at least two years in a Homoeopathic College subsequent to his passing the first B.H.M.S. examination to the satisfaction of the head of the College.

ii) The Courses of minimum number of lectures, demonstrations and practical/clinical classes in the subjects shall be as shown below :-

 

Subjects

Theoretical

Practical/Clinical / Tutorial classes

Surgery including E.N.T.m eye, Dental and Homoeopathic therapeutics

200

(in two years)

150- Two terms of 3 months each in surgical ward & O.P.D.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, infant hygiene and Homoeo, therapeutics

200

(in two years)

150- two terms of 3 months homoeopathic therapeutics each in Obs. and Gyn. ward and O.P.D.

Materia Medica

200

(in two years)

75

Organon of Philosophy

250

(in two years)

100

iii) The third B.H.M.S. examination shall be held at the end of 3 ½ years of B.H.M.S. course.

iv) The examination shall be written, oral, practical and/or clinical as provided hereinafter, three hours being allowed for each paper.

V) The examination in surgery shall consist of two theoretical papers, one oral examination and one clinical examination not less than one hour being allowed to each candidate for the examination of and report on his cases with special references to the scope of Homoeopathic therapeutics vis-à-vis the necessity of surgical treatment in the particular case.

vi) A practical examination in which question on the use of surgical instruments and other appliances shall form special part.

(Vii) The examination in obstetrics, gynaecology and infant hygiene including diseases of new-born shall consist of two theoretical papers, one oral examination including questions on pathological specimens, models and X-ray films including question on instruments and appliances and one clinical examination of not less than one hour being allowed to the candidate for the examination and report on his cases (one obstetric and gynaecological case) with special reference to both nosological and therapeutic diagnosis from Homoeopathic point of view.

(viii) The examination in Materia Medica shall consist of one theoretical paper, one oral examination and one bedsides practical examination of 2 short cases not less than half an hour being allowed for examinations of and report on each cases.

(ix) The examination in organon shall consist of two theoretical papers, one oral examination and one bed-side practical examination of one long case in the application of the tenets of the organon in case taking evaluation of symptoms and guidelines of treatment not less than 2 hours being allowed for examinations of an report of each case.

(x) A candidate securing 75 percent or above marks in any of the subjects shall be declared to receive honours in that subject provided he has passed the examination in first attempt.

(xi) In order to pass Third B.H.M.S. examination a candidate shall have passed in all subjects of examination.

(xii) Pass marks in all subjects both homoeopathic and allied medical subjects shall be 50 % in each part (written, oral and practical)

(xiii) Full marks for each subject and minimum number of marks required for passing are as follows :-

 

 

Subject

Written

Oral

Practical

Total

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Surgery

200

100

100

50

100

50

400

200

Obstetric &

Gynecology

200

100

100

50

100

50

400

200

Organon and

Homoeopathic

Philosophy

200

100

100

50

100

50

100

200

Materia

Medica

100

50

100

50

100

50

300

150

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FOURTH B.H.M.S EXAMINATION

 

12. (i) No candidate shall be admitted to the fourth B.H.M.S examination unless:-

(a)   he has passed the third B.H.M.S examination at least one year pre-viously; and

(b)   has regularly attended the following courses of instructions, theoretical and practical in the subjects of the examination over a period of at least three years in a recognized Homoeopathic College subsequent to his passing the first B.H.M.S examination to the satisfaction of the head of the College.

iii)              Course of the minimum number of lectures, demonstrations and practical/ clinical classes in the subjects shall be as shown below:-

 

                                    Sr.No

Subjects

Theoretical

Practical /clinical   / tutorial classes

1.

Practice of medicine

 

Children diseases Mental diseases and Skin disease including homoeopathic therapeutions

250

(in 3 yrs.)

40

40

20

 

 

 

400   (3 terms of 3                  months each in homoeopathic ward & OPD including children, mental and skin disease depttts.)

 

2.

Homoeopathic Materia Medica

200

(in one yr.)

125

3.

Repertory

100

(in 3 yrs.)

150

 

iv)                The Fourth B.H.M.S. examination shall be held at the end of 4 ½ years of B.H.M.S. course.

v)                  The examination shall be written, oral, practical or clinical as provided hereinafter, three hours being allowed for each paper.

vi)               The examination in medicine, (including children, mental and skin) shall consist of two papers, one oral examination and one bed-side practical examination in case taking of two short cases wih  view to determine both nosological and therapeutic diagnosis from the Homoeopathic point of view. Time allotted sha;; be half an hour for each case.

vii)             The examination in Materia Medica shall consist of two therotical papers, one oral examination and one bed-side practical examination, not less than two hours being allowed for examination and report on his case.

viii)          The examination in Repertory shall consist of one therotical paper, one oral examination and one practical examination in two cases of reportorial work. Time allotted shall  be half an hour for each cases.

ix)               A candidate securing 75 percent or above marks in any of the subjects shall be declared to receive honours in that subjects provided he has passed the examination in first attempt.

x)                 In order to pass Third B.H.M.S. examination a candidate shall have passed in all subjects of the examination.

xi)               Pass marks in all subjects, both homoeopathic and allied medical subjects shall be 50% in each subject.

xii)            Full marks for each subjects and minimum number of marks required for passing are as follows:-

 

Subject

Written

Oral

Practical

Total

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Full Marks

Pass Marks

Medicine

200

100

100

50

100

50

400

200

Homoeopathic Materia medica

 

200

 

100

 

100

 

50

 

100

 

50

 

400

 

200

Repertory

100

50

50

25

50

25

200

100

 

 

b) Forensic Medicine and Toxicology and Study of Homeopathy Central Council Act 1973 and Homeopathic Practitioners (Professional conduct, Etiquette and Code of Ethics) Regulations 1982.

c)  Social and Preventive Medicine & including Health Education, Family Medicine and Knowledge about AIDS.

d)   Homeopathic Material Medica

e)      Organon & Homeopathic Philosophy

 

(iii)                                                           FOR THE THIRD B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION

a)            Surgery including E.N.T. and Ophthalmology, Dental, Orthopaedic & Homeopathic therapeutics

b)           Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Infant hygiene and Homeopathic therapeutics.

c)           Homeopathic materia medica.

d)           Organon & Homeopathic Philosophy.

s

(iv)                                                            FOR THE FINAL B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION

a.                                                 Medicine

b.                                                Homeopathic Materia Medica

c.                                                Homeopathic Repertory and Case Taking

 

13.  The Scope of the Subjects shall be as indicated in the syllabus as in Appendix-A appended herewith.

 

14.  The fees for the Examination shall be as decided by the Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Nashik, from time to time.

 

15.    Criteria For Eligibility for University Examination.

Attendance of 75 % in Lectures and 80 % in Non-Lecture teaching programme i.e. Tutorials, Practicals, Clinics, Seminars etc.

 

16.       (i)   The Examination shall consist of written papers, Practical and Oral.

 

(ii) The medium of instruction for the course of studies and of the  Examination shall be English.

 

(iii) In order to pass the examination, the examinee must obtain in each subject, paper, practical and oral not less than the minimum marks prescribed in Appendices B, C, D and E, Guidelines for calculation of Internal Assessment marks for B.H.M.S. Examinations shall be as per Appendix – F.

 

(iv)  Every student will be required to undergo compulsory rotatory internship  after passing the final B.H.M.S. Examination. As per Appendix – G.

 

17.       There shall be no classification of examinees successful at an examination under this Direction.

 

18.     There shall be no A.T.K.T. (Allowed to keep term) in any case in any class for   B.H.M.S. course examination.

 

19.    (i)  As soon as possible after the regular examination the examining  body shall publish. A List of Successful Candidates as per their roll numbers serially.

 

(ii) Every candidate on passing shall receive a certificate in  the form prescribed by the MUHS.

        

         (iii) A candidate who appears at the examination but fails to pass in a Subject or Subjects may be admitted to a supplementary examination in the Subject or Subjects of that part of the examination in which he has failed after the publication of result of the first examination on payment of the prescribed fee along with an application in the prescribed form.

        

         (iv) If a candidate obtains pass marks in the subject or subjects at the supplementary examination he shall be declared to have passed the examination as a whole.

 

         (v) If such a candidate fails to pass in the subject or subjects, at the supplementary examination he may appear in that subject or subjects again at the next annual examination on production of a certificate to the effect that he had attended, to the satisfaction of the Principal, a further course of study during the next academic year in the subject or subjects in which he had failed, provided that all the parts of the examination shall be completed within four chances. (including the supplementary one) from the date when the complete examination came into force for the first time.

 

         (vi) If a candidate fails to pass in all the subjects within the prescribed four chances, he shall be required to prosecute a further Courses of study in all the subjects and in all parts for one year to the satisfaction of the Head of the College and appear for Examination in all the Subjects.

 

                     Provided that if a student appearing for the Final B.H.M.S. Examination has only one subject to pass at the end of prescribed chances, he shall be allowed to appear at the next examination in that particular Subject and shall complete the examination with this special chance.

 

20.     A successful examinee passing the examination within the prescribed period for the examination and obtaining not less than 75% of the total marks prescribed in a subject shall be declared to have passed the examination with Distinction in that subject.

 

21.   An examinee who passes the First, Second, Third and Final B.H.M.S. Examinations within the minimum prescribed period and obtains distinction in not less than 8 subjects in the Second, Third and Final B.H.M.S. Examinations taken together shall be declared to have passed the B.H.M.S. Examination with Honours. The names of examinees passing the examinations as a whole in the minimum prescribed period and obtaining the prescribed number of places with Honours shall be arranged in Order of Merit.

 

22.   Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Direction no person shall be admitted to the examination under this Direction if he has already passed the same examination or an equivalent examination of any other Statutory University.

 

23.    Examinees successful at the First, Second and Third year B.H.M.S. Examination shall be entitled to receive a certificate signed by the Controller of Examinations, and those successful at the Final B.H.M.S. Examination shall, on payment of prescribed fees will be awarded a degree, in the prescribed form, signed by the Vice-Chancellor only after submission of internship completion certificate as per C.C.H. guidelines.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX – B

 

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION FOR FIRST BACHELOR OF HOMOEOPATHIC

 

MEDICINE AND SURGERY (B.H.M.S.)

 

(FIRST B.H.M.S.)

 

Sr.No

Subject

Subhead

Maximum Marks

Minimum Marks for passing the subhead

Minimum Marks for passing subject

Minimum Marks for awarding Distinction

1

Anatomy

Theory Paper I

            Paper II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral

100

100

50

50

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

40

20

 

30

2

Physiology including Biochemistry

Theory Paper I

            Paper II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral 

100

100

50

50

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

40

20

 

30

3

Homeopathic

Pharmacy

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

20

10

 

15

4

Materia

Medica and

Homeopathic

Philosophy

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

20

10

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX – C

 

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION FOR SECOND BATCHELOR OF

 

HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE AND SURGERY (B.H.M.S.)

 

(SECOND B.H.M.S.)

 

Sr.No

Subject

Subhead

Maximum Marks

Minimum Marks for passing the subhead

Minimum Marks for passing subject

Minimum Marks for awarding Distinction

1

Pathology, Bacteriology

And Parasitology

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

20

10

 

 

15

2

Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

20

10

 

 

15

3

Social and Preventive Medicine (including education and family medicine.)

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

20

10

 

 

15

4

Materia Medica

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

20

10

 

 

15

5

Organon and Homeopathic philosophy

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

20

10

 

 

15

 

APPENDIX – D

 

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION FOR THIRD BATCHELOR OF

 

HOMEOPATHIC

 

MEDICINE AND SURGERY (B.H.M.S.)

 

(THIRD B.H.M.S.)

 

Sr.No

Subject

Subhead

Maximum Marks

Minimum Marks for passing the subhead

Minimum Marks for passing subject

Minimum Marks for awarding Distinction

1

Surgery

Theory          Part I

                     Part II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral

100

100

50

50

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

40

20

 

 

30

2

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Theory           Part I

                      Part II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral

100

100

50

50

Internal

Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

 

40

20

 

 

30

3

Materia Medica

Theory

100

50

170

255

Practical

Oral

100

100

50

50

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

20

20

 

20

 

4

Organon and Homeopathic Philosophy

Theory         Part I

                    Part II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral

100

100

50

50

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

40

20

 

30

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX – E

 

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION FOR FIRST BACHELOR OF

 

HOMOEOPATHIC

 

MEDICINE AND SURGERY (B.H.M.S.)

 

(FINAL B.H.M.S.)

 

Sr.No

Subject

Subhead

Maximum Marks

Minimum Marks for passing the subhead

Minimum Marks for passing subject

Minimum Marks for awarding Distinction

1

Medicine and Homeopathic Therapeutics

Theory Paper I

            Paper II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral

100

100

50

50

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

40

20

 

30

2

Homeopathic Materia Medica

Theory Paper I

            Paper II

100

100

100

230

345

Practical

Oral 

100

100

50

50

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

40

20

 

30

3

Homeopathic

Repertory and Case taking

Theory

100

50

115

173

Practical

Oral

50

50

25

25

Internal Assessment

Theory

Practical

 

20

10

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Appendix F

 

Scheme for calculation of Internal Assessment

 

The following is the scheme laid down for calculation of internal Assessment marks for Bachelor of Homeopathic medicine and Surgery Examination

1.      The Internal Assessment for theory and practical in all subjects shall be calculated on the basis of two terminal examinations and one Prelim examination and Three periodical examinations (one in each term) for first B.H.M.S.

 

2.      The Terminal examination will include one theory paper of hundred marks for first and second term and prelim exam will include two theory papers in Anatomy and Physiology carrying two hundred marks and practical examinations carrying two hundred marks and Pharmacy, HMM and Homeopathy Philosophy carrying one hundred marks in theory and one hundred marks in practical/oral.

 

1.                                                                                    The periodical short test one in each term carrying twenty marks for each test. The assessment of the marks shall be calculated on the basis of the average mean of marks obtained.

 

2.                                                                                    Marks secured by students in respective Term ending examination must be displayed on the notice board within 15 days after the examination

 

3.                                                                                    In case of failures internal assessment will be calculated on the basis of term examination held by the college before commencement of University Examination.

 

4.                                                                                    Marks of Internal Assessment in respect of attendance will be carried towards for failure students.

 

5.                                                                                    Attendance in each subject for Theory and Practical Separately must be displaced at the end of term. Total attendance for the year must be displaced in each subject separately for Theory and Practical before University Examination.

50% marks must be secured by student in respect of Internal Assessment. Every student must have 75% attendance, in lectures and 80% in non-lecture teaching programmes i.e. practicals, tutorials, clinics, seminars etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ASSESSMENT MARKS

 

            To assess the overall progress of the students by evaluating the professional skills he has got it is necessary to a assess the students periodically. The marks to be allowed should be real estimate of the students achievement of skills and subject knowledge without any prejudice.

1)                                                                                               Maximum marks allotted for internal assessment for each subject head will be 20% of the total marks for theory & as well as 20 % of the total marks for practical.

2)                                                                                               In all for First year of B.H.M.S. their will be 3 periodical test, 2 term test & 1 preliminary test examination.

3)                                                                                               From 2nd 3rd & 4th Year of B.H.M.S. Examination their will be 2 periodical & 2 test for the following subject.

1)                       Social & Preventive Medicine 2) Forensic Medicine 3) Pathology 4) Homoeopathic Materia Medica 5) Organon & Homoeopathic Philosophy 6) Repertory 7) Medicine 8) Obstetrics & Gynaecology 9) Surgery. The calculation of internal assessment in the subject 1) Obstetrics & Gynaecology 2) Surgery shall be accounted in the IIIrd. Year examination & Internal assessment for the subject Medicine Repertory shall be accounted in the Ivth Year examination.

 

FOR Ist B.H.M.S.

 

a)      The First Internal assessment test should be conducted for the syllabus completed during term.

b)      Second Internal Assessment test should include the entire syllabus completed in First/Second term.

c)      Third Internal assessment test should include the topics covered in the First/Second/Third term.

4)     The 3 periodical test should be completed in between the term.

 

FOR IInd. B.H.M.S.

 

         d)            The First Internal assessment test should be conducted for the syllabus completed during term.

         e)            Second Internal Assessment test should include the entire syllabus completed in First/Second term.

 

FOR IIIrd. B.H.M.S.

 

         a)      The First Internal assessment test should be conducted for the syllabus completed during term.

         b)      Second Internal Assessment test should include the entire syllabus completed in First/Second term.

 

Note :- Add Internal assessment of the subjects 1) Surgery 2) Gynlobs  training offered and periodical / terms Internal assessment during IInd. Year.

 

 

 

 

For IVth B.H.M.S.

 

a) The First Internal assessment test should be conducted for the syllabus completed during term.

b) Second Internal Assessment test should include the entire syllabus completed in First/Second term.

 

Note :-Add Internal assessment of the subjects 1) Repertory 2) Medicine training offered and periodical/terms internal assessment during IInd. Year & IIIrd year.

The pattern of Internal Assessment Examination should be as under.

Theory                        Written                       Practical & Oral

All the records of this examination will have to produce to the University authority if required for verification

The records of this examination shall be preserved upto the commencement of next university examination of that batch by Head of the Department inconsulation with the Principal.

The marks obtained by the students for First, Second Internal assessment tests should be submitted in the prescribed proforma to the controller of examination immediately after 15 days of completion of second Internal assessment examination.

The marks of all internal assessment tests shall be submitted to the controller of examination in the proforma through the Principal of the college before 20 days of the commencement of the University Theory Examination by Hand delivery or Register post.

In case the candidate falls in University Examination he should be assessed afresh for internal assessment marks. The internal assessment marks of this examination to be submitted to University Authority.

For repeater students, only one periodical & one test examination

In case candidate remains absent only on valid ground where his presence elsewhere in justified or when he is unable to attend such examination before or during the examination schedule. The Principal in consulation with heads of Department of concerned subject shall conduct re-examination for the student within 20 days or before commencement of next internal assessment test of University examination. The marks should be submitted for these students separately required.

The marks obtained by candidate as internal assessment will not be taken into account for passing the subject head but will be added to the aggregate of that subject Head.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SCHEME FOR CALCULATION OF INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

(For All Subjects with Total Marks 460)

1

Periodical Test

Theory

Marks

 

Practical

Marks

Ist term

20

Ist term

10

2nd term

20

2nd term

10

3rd term

20

3rd term

10

Total

60

Total

30

To Calculate Internal Assessment, divide total Marks obtained by 3 to get marks out of 20

= A

To calculate Internal Assessment, divide total Marks obtained by 3 to get marks out of 10

= C

2

Terminal Exam

Theory

Terminal Exam

Practical

1st term

100

1st term

50

2nd term

100

2nd term

50

3rd term

100

3rd term

100

Total

400

Total

200

To Calculate Internal Assessment, take 5% of the total Marks obtained to get marks out of 20

= B

To Calculate Internal Assessment, take 5% of the total Marks obtained by to get marks out of 10

= D

Internal Assessment marks obtained by students to be sent to M.U.H.S.

For Theory out of          total 40      (A+B)

       Practical out of       total 20       (C+D)

* For all subjects with total marks 230 the above mentioned marks should be

      accordingly reduced by 50% so that Internal Assessment Marks obtained by for-

       Theory out of total 20 and Practical out of 10 can be calculated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX – G

 

SCHEME OF DISTRIBUTION OF INTERNSHIP OF ONE YEAR. AFTER

 

PASSING FINAL B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION

 

            In a Hospital or Dispensary run by the Central Government or State Government or Local Bodies approved by the MUHS under this direction shall be as follows.

1.                  Every student will be required after passing the final B.H.M.S. examination, to undergo the compulsory, internship to the satisfaction of the head of the institute. The period of internship shall be for a period of six months in case of B.H.M.S. (Graded degree course) students, so as to be eligible for the award of the degree and full registration.

Provided that the internship of six months (in case of B.H.M.S. Graded Degree Course) will be completed at the maximum within a period of one year immediately after passing the final examination, and, the internship of 12 months in the case of B.H.M.S. Direct Degree Course will be completed at the maximum within a period of two years after passing the final examination.

 

2.                  All parts of the Internship shall be undertaken at the hospital attached to the College and in cases where such hospital cannot accommodate all of its students for internship, such students may undertake their internship in a hospital or dispensary run by the Central Government of State Government or local bodies.

 

3.                                          The university shall issue a provisional pass certificate on passing the final examination to all successful candidates.

 

4.                                          The State Boards of Homoeopathy shall grant provisional registration to the candidates on production of provisional pass certificates. The provisional registration to a successful candidate of degree course will be valid for a period of one year.

Provided that in the event of shortage or unsatisfactory work the period of compulsory internship and the provisional certificate and registration may be suitably extended by the appropriate authorities.

 

5.                                          Full registration shall only be given by the state board on the award of the degree by the University after completion of compulsory internship and declaration that the candidate is eligible for it.

 

Guidelines for Training

 

1.                              Training of the internees during the internship shall be regulated by the Principal/Superintendent of the hospital where on internee undertake his internship-in the hospital attached to the College but where an internee is posted to a recognised dispensary the training will be regulated by a committee consisting of representatives of the college/University and the in charge of the dispensary.

Provided that after satisfactory completion of training certificate obtained from the head of the dispensary shall be countersigned by the head of the Institution.

 

2.                              The internee shall be entrusted with the clinical responsibilities and this work shall be supervised by the senior medical officer.

3.                              The internee shall maintain a record of work which is to be periodically verified by the Medical Officer under whom the internee is posted. The scrutiny of the record of work may be objectively viewed as regard to knowledge, skill and aptitude towards the patient shown by the intern’s work.

 

4.                              The internship training shall include training in case-taking, Evaluation of symptoms, repertorisation and management of common aliments through Homoeopathic treatment. Intern should be exposed to training in medicine, surgery including ophthalmology and E.N.T. departments, obstetrics Gynecology departments, paediatrics, 

 

5.                              In the department of Medicine, training in minor ward procedures should be given to internees.

 

6.                              Internee should be exposed to clinical-pathology work to acquire skill to do independently some commone procedures like routine blood-examination, E.S.R.; blood smear for parasites; sputum Examination; urine and stool examination etc. He should be given opportunities for active participation in interpretation of Laboratory data in context with the clinical findings and arriving at a diagnosis and planning out of the homoeopathic treatment.

 

7.                              In the department of surgery he should be acquainted with the management of minor surgical emergencies. Practical implementation of aseptic techniques and procedures including preparation of operation theatre and sterlisation etc. He should be involved in participation in preoperative care and post-operative care and practical use of anaesthetic techniques. He should also work in the casuality deptts. All this training should strictly be under expert supervision only.

 

8.                              In the department of obstetrics and gynaecology the internee should be involved in ante-natal care with particular reference to the nutritional status of mother, management of normal and abnormal labours; care of the new-born, postnatal care of mother and child.

 

9.                              Training in paediatric department to understand paediatric problems and their management through Homoeopathy.

 

10.                         In the department of skin he should be exposed to various skin lesions and the diagnosis including allergy, leprosy, laucoderma etc. and their management though Homoeopathy.

 

11.                         He should be exposed to various community based health activities, health programmes, their implementations and organisational set up. He should also he involved in motivational programmes; health education nutrition, M.C.H., Family Welfare and other activities, control of communicable diseases like tuberoulcsis, leprosy and sexually transmitte diseases.

 

12.                        Medico – Legal

 

Acquaintance with issue of various medical certificates like leave certificates on the ground of sickness; fitness certificate, death certificate, birth certificate, medical examination, court procedures in police cases like deaths by unnatural cause, accident etc. preservation of viscera in poisoning cases, postmortem, various Drugs Acts. Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeias, Homoeopathy Central Council Act, various State Homoeopathic Acts, professional conduct.

 

13.                         Drug Proving

 

In case of degree level internee, it shall be compulsory to take part in Drug Proving Programme and the Internee shall prove at least one drug during the period of internship.

 

Rotation of batches of internees

 

            In case of diploma level internees, there shall not be more than 15 internee attached to one physician in the Homeopathic hospital or dispensary run by the Central Government or the State Government or the Local bodies shall not exceed 10 internees. Each batch of diploma level internees shall be rotated under each physician at an interval of not less than 2 months. Rotation of degree level internees shall be as under

(a)                                        5 months in the Medical and surgical deptts. Of the Homoeopathic Hospital.

(ii)  3 months in the Gynaecology, obsterticius and Paediatrics Deptts.

(iii) 3 months in the E.N.T. ophthalmology and skin departments.

(iv) 1 month for training on community medicine.

 

 

 

 

 

        Sd/-

Place :  Nashik                                                      (Dr. D. G. Dongaonkar)        

Date :  23/11/1998                                                     Vice-Chancellor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

APPENDIX - A

 

SYLLABUS : FIRST B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION (DIRECT COURSE)

 

II)     Homoeopathic Pharmacy

 

1.                   Introduction : Homoeopathic Pharmacy, its speciality and originality, Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia.

 

2.                   Scope of Homoeopathic  Pharmacy in relation to -                                                                                                                                              

a)                  Organon of Medicine ( Aph 264 to 285 organon of medicine)

b)                 Materia Medica

c)                 National Economy

 

3.                   Weights and measures including  homoeopathic scales ( Deci, Centi, Milli)

 

4.                   Homoeopathic Pharmaceutical instruments and appliances.

 

5.                   Sources of Homoeopathic drugs, process of collection of drug substances, identification, purification, preservation and also preservation of potentised drugs.

 

6.                   Vehicles :

a)                   Their preparation and uses

b)                   Purification

c)                   Determination of proof strength alcohol

 

7.                   Methods of preparation of drugs from organic and inorganic chemicals, vegetables, animal and animal products, disease products ( No sodes) etc.( Hahnemann’s classical and modern methods including merits and demerits)

 

8.                               a) Methods of preparation of mother tinctures, solutions,   potencies and triturations.

 

b)      Potentisations of drugs on :-

             i)    Decimal scale

        ii)    Centesimal scale

 

9.                         Fluxion potency, methods of conversion of trituration into liquid from – straight potency.

 

10.                    External application  - its scope – modes of preparation and use of lotion , liniment , glycerol, ointment.

 

11.                   Prescription – its study including abbreviations, principles and mode of prescription writing and its validity.

 

12.                   Pharmacology–drug strength– Hom. Pharmacodynamics, Dynamic Power, Medicine, Posology, Remedy.

 

13.                   Brief study of study standardisation of drugs & vehicles.

 

 

14.                   General knowledge of legislation in relation to Homoeopathic Pharmacy.

 

15.                   General laboratory methods solutions, dilution, decantation- precipitation, filtration, distillation, crystallisation, sublimation, percolation etc.

 

16.                   Study of biological / mechanical and / or chemical characteristics of some important drug substances.

 

17.                   The technique of Homeopathic drug proving.

 

 

PRACTICAL

 

 

(1)                                                                           Identification, and uses of Homoeopathic pharmaceutical Instruments and appliances and their cleaning.

 

(2)                                                                           Identification, and uses of Homoeopathic drugs vide list attached Microscopic

(i)                                                                               At least 30 drug substances – 20 from vegetable kingdom and 10 from minerals and chemicals

(ii)                                                                             Collection of 30 drug substances for harbarium.

(iii)                                                                          Microscopic study of two triturations of up to 3 x potency.

 

(3)           Estimation of moisture constant of one drug substance with water bath.

 

(4)           Purity test of ethyl alcohol, distilled water, sugar of milk, including determination of sp. Gravity of distilled water and alcohol.

 

(5)           Estimation of size of globule, its medication of milk sugar and distilled water making of doses.

 

(6)           Preparation and dispensing and dilute alcohol solutions and dilutions.

 

(7)           Preparation of mother tinctures of 3 polycrates.

 

(8)           Preparation of triturations of 3 crude drugs up to 3X.

 

(9)           Preparation of mother tinctures of drugs which do not conform to the D.S.I.

 

(10)       Potentisation of 3 mother tinctures up to 6 decimal scale and 3 centicimal scale.

 

(11)       Trituration of 3 drugs 6x and their conversion into liquid potencies.

 

(12)       Preparation of external application – one of each.

 

(13)       Writing of prescriptions and dispensing of the same.

 

(14)       Laboratory methods :-

               a) Sublimation                          b) Distillation

               c) Decantation                          d) Filtration

               e) Crystallisation                      f) Percolation

 

(15)     Visit to a Homoeopathic Laboratory to study the manufacture of drugs on a large scale.

 

LIST OF DRUGS FOR IDENTIFICATION

 

1.

Aconitum Nap

26

Colchicum A

51

Phosphoric Acid

2.

Agaricus M.

27

Colocynthis

52

Platina M

3.

Antimonium Tart

28

Conium M

53

Plumbum M

4.

Apis Mellifica

29

Cuprum Met

54

Punsapilla

5.

Argentum Nitric

30

Digitalis P

55

Rhus Tox.

6.

Arnica Montana

31

Drosera

56

Ruta G

7.

          Arscnicum Alb

32

Duclamara

57

Sambucus N

8.

Aurum Met

33

Glonoine

58

Sanguinaria C

9.

Baptisia T

34

Graphitis

59

Secale Cor

10

Baryta Carb

35

Hepar Sulph

60

Sepia

11

Belladonna

36

Hyscyamus N

61

Silicea

12

Bryonia A.

37

Hypericum

62

Spigelia

13

Cacuts G.

38

Ignatia

63

Spongia T

14

Calcarea Carb

39

Ipecacunha

64

Stannum Met

15

Calcarea Phos.

40

Kali Carb

65

Stramonium

16

Calendula

41

Lachesis

66

Sulphur

17

Camphora

42

Lycopodium

67

Tarentuala cu

18

Canpharis

43

Mercurius Cor

68

Thuja O

19

Carbo vegetablies

44

Mercurius Sol.

69

Vertarum Album

20

Causticum

45

Mezereum

70

Veratrum Viride

21

Chamomilla

46

Natrum Mur

71

Zincum Met

22

Chelidenium M

47

Nitric Acid

 

 

23

China

48

Nux Vomica

 

 

24

Cina-

49

Opium

 

 

25

Coculus Ind

50

Phosphorus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHARMACY

 

 

Examination :-

Pattern of   Question  Paper for Ist. B.H.M.S.

                                                                                                               Total 100 Marks

SECTION – A : MCQs.

( Total  30 MCQs )  30 x 1                30 Marks

 

Q.        1.         MCQ is carrying  1 mark each.

 

 

     SECTION – B :-  SAQs.               35 Marks

 

Q.        2.         Solve any  3                                                    5 x 3 = 15 Marks

            A)       -           5 Marks

            B)        -           5 Marks

            C)        -           5 Marks

            D)       -           5 Marks

 

Q.        3.         Answer  any 2 out of 3                             5 x 2  = 10 Marks

            A)       -           5  Marks

            B)        -           5  Marks

            C)        -           5  Marks

 

Q.        4.         Write Short Notes                                              5 x 2 = 10 Marks

            A)       -           5 Marks

            B)        -           5 Marks

 

SECTION – C  :- LAQs                             35 Marks

 

Q.        5.         Long Answer Question                                                   15 Marks

Q.        6.         Long Answer Question                                                   10 Marks

Q.        7.         Long Answer Question                                                   10 Marks

                        OR

Q.        8.         Long Answer Question

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anatomy

Study of Normal Man in Preclinical Period

Human Anatomy is the most difficult of all sciences to study. Man is a conscious emntalised, living being and functions as a whole. Human knowledge has become so vast that for precise comprehension of man as a whole development of different branches of sciences like anatomy, physiology and physiology was necessary. But such a division is only an expedient; man nevertheless remains indivisible.

            Consciousness, life and its phenomena cannot be explained in terms of cell physiology or of quantum mechanics or by physiological concepts which in turn are based on chemical-physical concepts.

            Though anatomy and physiology are hitherto being taught as entirely different subjects, a water-tight barrier should not be erected between them; structure (anatomy) and function (physiology) are but an external expression of an inesilicable  phenomenon which is life.

 

So Anatomy and Physiology should be taught with the following aims :

(i)                To provide for the understanding of the morphological, physiological and psychological principles which determine and influence the organism of the living body as a functioning unit:

 

(ii)             To co-relate and interpret the structural organism and normal physiology of the human body and thus to provide the date on which to anticipate disturbance of functions.

 

(iii)           To enable the student to recognise the anatomical, physiological and psychological basis of the clinical signs and symptoms of disorders due to injury, disease and maldevelopment;

 

(iv)            Similarly, to give the student to understand the factors involved in the development of pathological processes and the possible complications which may arise therefrom.

 

(v)               To give the student such knowledge of preclinical subjects as will enable him ultimately competently and rationally all the ordinary methods of examination and treatment (including surgery) that may involve such knowledge; and

 

(vi)            For enabling the student to pick out strange, rare and uncommon symptoms from pathognomonic symptoms for individualisation of patients and drugs for the purpose of applying the law of similars in homoeopathic practice.

 

II)               ANATOMY

 

Instruction in anatomy should be so planned as to present a general working knowledge of the structure of the human body. The amount of detail which he is required to memorise should be reduced to the minimum. Major emphasis should be laid on functional anatomy of the living subject rather than on the static structures of the cadaver, and on general anatomical positions and boardrelations of the vicera, muscles, blood-vessels, nerves and lymphatic. Study of the cadaver is only a means to this end. Students should not be burdened with minute anatomical details which have no clinical significance.

Though dissection of the entire body is essential for the preparation of the student for his clinical studies, the burden of dissection can be reduced and much saving of time can be effected if considerable of the amount of topographical details is made and the following points are taken into consideration :-

1.                                                                                         Only such details as have professional or general educational value for the medical student should be presented to him.

2.                                                                                         The purpose of dissection is not to create technically expert prosectors but to give the student an understanding of the body in relation to its function, and the dissection should be designed to achieve this end, for example, ignoring of small and clinically unimportant blood vessels results in such cleaner dissection and a much clearer picture of the main structures and their natural relationships.

3.                                                                                         Much that is at present taught by dissection could be demonstrated as usefully through prepared dissected specimens.

4.                                                                                         Normal radiological anatomy also form part of practical training. The structure of the body should be presented linking functional aspect.

5.                                                                                         Actual   dissection should be preceded by a course of lectures on the general structure of the organ or the system under discussion and then its function. In this way anatomical and physiological knowledge can be presented to students in an integrated from and the instruction of the whole course of anatomy and physiology made more interesting, lively and practical.

6.                                                                                         A good part of the theoretical lectures on anatomy can be transferred to tutorial classes with demonstrations.

            A few lectures or demonstrations on the clinical and applied anatomy should be arranged in the later part of the course. They should preferably be given by a clinical and should aim at demonstrating the anatomical basis of physical signs and the value of anatomical knowledge to the clinician.

            Seminars and group discussions to be arranged periodically with a view of presenting different subjects in an integrated manner.

            Formal class room lectures to be reduced but demonstrations and tutorials to be increased.

            There should be joint teaching-cum-demonstration sessions with clinical materials illustrating applied aspect of Anatomy in relation to clinical subjects. This should be arranged once a fortnight and even form part of series of introductory lectures if be needed.

            There should be joint seminars with the departments of physiology and Bio-Chemistry and should be organised once a month. There should be a close correlation in the teaching of gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology and Genetics. The teaching of areas and systems in Anatomy, Physiology including Bio-Chemistry should be integrated as far as possible.

 

Theory

 

A complete course of human anatomy with general working knowledge different anatomical parts of the body. Emphasis should be laid down on the general anatomical positions and board relations of the viscera, muscles, blood vessels, nerves and lymphatics. Candidates should not be burdened with minute anatomical details of every description which has no clinical significance.

Candidates will be required to recognise anatomical specimen and to identify and answer questions on structures displayed in recent dissections, to be familiar with the bones and their articulations including the vertebrac, the skull and with the manner of ossification of the long bones.

Emphasis will not be laid on minute details except in so far as is necessary to the understanding of or in their application to medicine and surgery. Candidates are expected to know the attachments of muscles sufficiently to understand their actions, but not the precise-details of the origin and insertion of every muscles. A knowledge of the minor details of the bones of the land, foot, their articulations and details of the small bones of the skull will not be required.

The curriculum of anatomy should be divided under the following headings :-

1.         Gross Anatomy – to be dealt under the following categories :-

(a)      Introductory Lectures with demonstrations

(b)              Systematic series.

The study to be covered by deductive lectures, lecture, demonstrations, surface and radiological anatomy, by dissection of the cadaver and study of dissected specimen. Knowledge thus obtain together with correlation of facts should be integrated into living anatomy. Details of toportances in general practice.

(i)                Superior extremity, inferior extremity, head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis to be studied regionally and system by system (special reference to be made to development and its anomalies, regional, innervation, functional groups of muscles in relation to joints of otherwise and Applied Anatomy).

 

(ii)             Endocrine organs-with special reference to development and applied anatomy.

 

(iii)           Neuro-anatomy, Gross Anatomy of brain and spinal cord and the main nerve tracts. The peripheral nerves. Cranical nerves their relations course and distributions.

 

(iv)            N.B. – The practical study should proceed the study of physiology nervous system. Early correlation-with the clinical course is desirable.

 

(v)               Micro-anatomy (histology) – Modern conceptions of cell, epithelialtissue, connective tissue, muscular tissue, nervous tissue.

 

(A)                            Introductory Lectures :-

 

(a)                                  Modern conception of cell-components and their functions, why a cell divides, cell division, types with their signification

 

(b)                                 Genetic Individuality :- i) Elementary genetics definition, health and diseases, result of interaction between organism and its environments, utility of knowledge from homoeopathic point of view.ii) Mandels’ Laws and their significance’s iii) Applied genetic.

 

(B)                           Developmental Anatomy ------- 15 lectures

 

(C)                           General anatomy & Micro-anatomy --------15 lectures

 

(D)                           Regional anatomy

 

(a)                                  Upper Extremity -------- 15 lectures

(i)    Skeleton, position and functions of joints,

(ii) Muscle groups, brachial plexus,

(iii)                 Arterial supply, venoms drainage, neuro vascular bundles, lymphatics and lymph nodes, relation of nerves to bones.

(iv)Joints with special emphasis on shoulder, elbow and wrist joints, muscles, producing movement, results of nerve

(v)   Radiology of bones and joints, ossification, determination of age.

(vi)Applied anatomy.

(vii)                Surface marking of main arteries, nerves

 

(b)              Lower extremity --------- 15 lectures.

(i)          Skeleton, position and functions of joints,

(ii)       Muscle groups, lumber plexus,

(iii)     Arterial supply, venous drainage, neuro vascular bundles, lymphatics and lymph nodes, relation of nerves to bones.

(iv)      Joints with special emphasis on lumbo sacral, hipl knee, and ankle joints, muscles producing movement, results of nerve injury.

(v)         Radiology of bones and joints, ossification, determination of age.

(vi)      Applied anatomy

(vii)    Surface marking of main arteries, nerves.

 

(c)                                 Thorax ------- 15 lectures.

(ii)       Skeleton of joints of muscles of chest wall-diaphragm, innervation of abdominal and thoracic respiration difference with age. The mammary gland lymphatic drainage.

(iii)     The pleura and lungs.

(iv)      Arrangements structures in the mediastinum, heart, coronary arteries, great vessels, trachea, esophagus, lymph nodes, thymus.

(v)         Radiology of heart, aorta, lungs, bronchogram.

(vi)      Applied Anatomy

(vii)    Surface marking-pleura, lungs, heart-valves of heart, border, arch of arota, sup, venacava, bifurcation of trachea.

 

(d)                                 Abdomen and pelvis -------- 25 lectures.

(i) The abdominal wall – skin and muscles, innervation of fascia, peritoneum, blood vessels, lymphatics, autonomic, ganglia and plexuses.

(ii)       Stomach, small intestine, caecum, appendix, large intestine.

(iii)     Duodenum, pancreas, kidneys, ureters, supra renals.

(iv)      Liver and gall bladder

(v)         Pelvis, skeleton and joints, muscles of the pelvis, organs internal and external genitalia in male and in the female, lumbosacral plexus, vessels, lymphatics, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses.

(vi)      Blood vessels and nerve plexuses of abdomen and pelvis, the portal venous system.

(vii)    Applied anatomy of referred pain, portal systemic anastomosis, catheterisation of the urinary bladder to the male and female.

(Viii) Surface marking of organs and blood vessels.

(e)                                 Head and nech ------ 25 lectures

(i)                Scalp – Innervation, vascular supply middle meningeal artery.

(ii)             Face – main muscles groups-muscles of facial expression muscles of mastication, innervation of skin and repair muscles, vascular supply, principles of repair scalp and face wrinkles.

(iii)           The eyelids eyeball, lacrimal appratus, the muscles that move the eyeball.

(iv)            The nasal cavity nasopharynx, septum, conchae, paransalsinus, eustachian tube lymphoid masses.

(v)               Oral cavity and pharynx.

(vi)            Larynx and laryngeal part of Pharynx structure (No details) functions, nerves supply, larynage scopic appearances.

(vii)          Cervical vertebrae joints of head and neck.

(viii)       Structures of neck, sternomastoid, brachial plexus main arteries and veins, disposition of lymph nodes, areas of drainage, phrenic nerve, thyroid gland and its blood supply, para-thyroid the trachea, oesophagus. The position of the Sub-mendibular and sublingual salivary glands.

(ix)            Teeth and dentitor.

(x)              The external middle and internal ear.

(xi)            Applied anatomy.

(xii)         Surface marking : Parotid gland, middle meningeal artery, thyroid gland, common internal and external carotid arteries.

 

(f)                                  Neuro anatomy : 10 lectures.

(i)                Menings – functions of

(ii)             Cerebrum – areas of localisation, vascular supply basal ganglion, internal capsule.

(iii)           Cerebellum – functions

(iv)            Pons, medullar midbrain, cranial nerves, palsies.

(v)               Cerebro-spinal fluid-formation, circulation function, absorption.

(vi)            Cranial nerves, origin, course (with minimum     

            anatomical detail areas of distribution-

(vii)          Spinal Cord-coverings, segments, relation of segments to vertebral column. Spinal nerves, distribution.

(viii)       The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system location, distribution, function.

(ix)            Applied anatomy of lumber puncture, referred paid, spinal anaesthesia increased intracranial pressure.

 

PRACTICAL

 

Dissection of the whole human body in the course of Ist month, academic months shall be 160 hrs.

1.                                                                        Each dissection when completed must be shown to the demonstrator and permission must be obtained before proceeding to the next item.

 

2.                                                                        Before allotment of a part, each student must pass the oral test of the bones on the part taken by the demonstrator.

 

3.                                                                        There should be printed form of the class of practical anatomy as per guide-lines to be followed by every recognised college.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

University Examination Pattern  for Ist. B.H.M.S.

 
                 Department of Anatomy

 

Examination :-

Pattern of   Question  Paper for Ist. B.H.M.S.

                                                                                                               Total 100 Marks

SECTION – A : MCQs.

( Total  30 MCQs )  30 x 1                30 Marks

 

Q.        1.         MCQ is carrying  1 mark each.

 

 

     SECTION – B :-  SAQs.               35 Marks

 

Q.        2.         Solve any  3                                                    5 x 3 = 15 Marks

            A)       -           5 Marks

            B)        -           5 Marks

            C)        -           5 Marks

            D)       -           5 Marks

 

Q.        3.         Answer  any 2 out of 3                             5 x 2  = 10 Marks

            A)       -           5  Marks

            B)        -           5  Marks

            C)        -           5  Marks

 

Q.        4.         Write Short Notes                                              5 x 2 = 10 Marks

            A)       -           5 Marks

            B)        -           5 Marks

 

SECTION – C  :- LAQs                             35 Marks

 

Q.        5.         Long Answer Question                                                   15 Marks

Q.        6.         Long Answer Question                                                   10 Marks

Q.        7.         Long Answer Question                                                   10 Marks

                        OR

Q.        8.         Long Answer Question

 

….E.N.D….

 

 

 

 

III)                                     PHYSIOLOGY INCLUDING BIO-CHEMISTRY AND PSYCHOLOGY

 

The purpose of a course in physiology is to teach the functions, processes and inter-relationship of the different organs and systems of the normal human organism as a necessary introduction to their disturbance in disease and to equip the student with normal standards or reference for use while diagnosing and treating deviations from the normal. To a homoeopath the human organism is an integrated whole of body, life and mind; and though life includes all the chemico-physical processes it transcends them. There can be no symptoms of disease without vital force animating the human organism and it is primarily the vital force, which is deranged in disease. Physiology should be taught from the standpoint of description of vital phenomena and the chemico-physical processes underlying them in health.

There should be close co-operation between the various departments while teaching the different systems. There should be joint courses between the two departments of anatomy and physiology so that there is maximum co-ordination in the teaching of these subjects.

Seminars should be arranged periodically and lecturers of anatomy, physiology and bio-chemistry should bring home the point to the students that the integrated approach is more meaningful. For example, gross and minute structure will be dealt with by the anatomist while the role of sun cellular particles in metabolic processes and the method to assess them may be explained by the bio-chemist and towards the end the physiologist may deal in an integrated manner with behaviour of the cell as a unit, co-ordinating the characteristic bio-chemical and structural components sub-serving specific functions. Students should be encouraged to participate in the seminars and present the practical subjects in an integrated manner.

 

 

THEORY

 

1.                                                                  Introduction

 

Fundamental phenomena of life. The cell and its differentiation. Tissues and organs of the body.

 

2.                                                                  Bio-chemical principles

Elementary constituents of protoplasm. Chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, Enzymes.

 

3.                                                                  Bio-physical principles

 

Units of concentration of solutions, ions, electrolytes and non-electrolytes filtration, diffusion, ultrafiltration, dialysis, surface tension, absorption, hydrotrophy, doman, equilibrium, coloid, acid, base concentration H.

4.            Nerve Muscle Physiology

 

Excitation process in a nerve and its propagation changes undergone by a nerve on stimulation. Polarisation phenomena in nerve. Electrolecus Reaction of degeneration, Neuro-muscular transmission, Different types of muscles in the body. Change on excitation and nature of the contractile process. Physiology of exercise. Rigor mortis.

 

 

5.                                                                  Blood Composition

 

Regulations of blood volume and its determination, specific gravity of blood, reaction of blood and its regulation. Composition and function of blood plasma, plasma protection and their function. Bone-marrow, origin, composition, fat, function of the formed element of blood, Chemistry of haemoglobin and its compounds and derivatives, coagulation of blood. Haemolysis, blood group.

 

6.                                                                  Cardio-vascular system

 

Structure and properties of cardiac muscle, cardiac cycle, action of views, heart sounds, apex beat, nutrition of heart and cornary circulation, Electrocardiogram, cardiac output. Origin and propagation of cardiac impulse. Nervous regulation of heart, cardiac reflexes, course and circulation of blood, structure of arteries, capillaries and veins, peculiarities of cerebral, pulmonary, hepatic, portal and renal circulation. Time of complete circulation, velocity of blood flow, pulse, arterial and venous, innervation of blood vessels and control of circulation. Blood pressure and its regulation, Control of capillary circulation.

 

7.                                                                  Reticulo-Endothelial System and lymph          

 

Reticulo endothelial system (R.E.system), spleen lymphatic glands, Tissue fluids and lymph, odema.

 

 

8.                                                                  Respiratory system

 

Anatomy and minute structure of respiratory organs. Mechanism of respiratory movement, spirometry of respiration. Composition of inspired, expired and alveolar air. Respiratory quotient. Besal metabolism. Gases in blood and their tension. Transport of O2 and CO2 in blood. Mechanism of external and internal respiration, control of respiration. Cheynes-stokes respiration. Apnoea, dysponea, anoxia, cyanosis, asphyxia, effect of high and low atmosphere pressure, acclimatisation, Mountain sickness, caision disease, artificial respiration, effect of respiration of circulation.

 

9.                                                                  Digestive system

 

Metabolism, nutrition and dietetics, normal diet, vitamins. Milk its properties. The digestive organs and their structure and function, various digestive juices, mechanism and functions. Liver, movement of elimentary canal. Defection, digestion and absorption of the food stuff, and their metabolism. Biological value of protein. Blood sugar and its regulation. Mineral Metabolism and matabolism during starvation. Nutrition of an individual.

 

10.                                                             The sense organs

 

General features, classification, sensation, Sensory Organs and sensory pathways:

 

(a)                                                                               Vision – Anatomy of the eye. Errors of refraction and their correction Mechanism of accommodation, structure and functions of coats of eye ball. Ocular reflexes. Visual field, visual pathway. Colour vision. Colour blindness. Binocular vision.

 

(b)                                                                              Hearing – Structures of auditory apparatus, conduction of sound waves. Helmots theory, Cochlear response. Vestibular apparatus.

 

(c)                                                                              Taste and Smell – Structure and function of the receptor organs.

 

(d)                                                                              Cutenous and deep sensation – structure and function and receptors.

 

11.                                                             Voice and speech

Anatomy of larynx, mechanism of production of voice and speech.

 

12.                                                             Endocrine Organs

 

13.                                                             Reproduction

 

Primarily and secondary sex organs and secondary sex character. Mammary gland and prosirate. Placenta and its function. Foetal respiration and circulation.

 

14.       Excretory system 

 

Kidney-formation and chemical composition of urine, structure and functions of kidney. Constituents of urine, normal and abnormal. Volume of urine, physiology of micturition. Renal efficiency tests.

 

15.                                                             Inegumentary system

 

Structure and functions of skin, formation, secretion, composition of sweet and sebum. Body temperature and its regulation.

 

16.                                                             Nervous system

 

Evolution and history of nervous system. Spinal cord and reflexes and its properties. Cerebrospinal fluid. Synamtic transmission. Control of excitatory and inhibitory states. Somatic sensory recapters and pathways. Thalamus. Cerebral cortex. Motor and associated areas. Pyramedical and extrapyramedical pathways, basal ganglia. Posture and locomotion. Sensory and motor. Motor point in man, reticular formation. EEG sleep, automic nervous system. Hypathalamas and limbic system. Conditional reflexes cerebellum.

 

 

PHYSIOLOGY (Practical)

 

1.                                                                  Urine-examination of normal and abnormal constituents of urinary sediments. Quantitative examination for sugar, urea, albumin, acetone and bile.

 

2.            R.B.C. & W.B.C. total count making and staining blood film and different count of W.B.C. coagulstion and bleeding time, Hb estimation, fragility and sedimentation rate of R.B.Cs.

3.            Identification and use of common physiological instruments and appliances.

 

4.            Identification of histological specimen of tissues and organs viz. liver, kindney, lungs, thyroid, pancreas, spleen, trachea, oesophagus, stomach, tongue, intestine, large intestine, tests, overy, bone adipose tissue, spinal cord, suprarenal gland, parotid gland, anterior pituitary, salivary glands, skin, parathyroid gland, cerebeflum, cerebral cortex, cardiac muscle.

The written papers in physiology shall be distributed as follows :-

Paper – I

 

Elements of Bio-physics, Histology, Blood and lymph, Cardioascularsystem, Reticulo-endothelial system, spleen. Respiration Excertion of urine, skin, regulation of body temperature, sense organs.

 

Paper – II

 

            Endocrine organs, nervous system, nerve muscles physiology. Digestive system and metabolism. Bio-chemistry of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids.

 

 

PSYCHOLOGY

 

Introduction to Normal Psychology

 

(a)                                        Definition of psychology as a science and its different from other science.

(b)                                       Conception of the mind.

(c)                                       Mesmar and his theory, Hypnotism structure of consciousness.

(d)                                       Fraud and his theory-Dynamics of the unconscious. Development of the Libide.

(e)                                       Other contemporary schools of psychology.

(f)                                        Relation between mind and body in health and disease.

(g)                                       Percentage, Imagination, Ideation, Intelligence, Memory,

(h)                                       Cognition, Conation, Affect, Instinct, Sentiment, Behaviour.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practical Examination

 

Full Marks – 100 Marks

 

1.            Examination of physical and chemical constituents of normal and abnormal urine (qualitative)

 

2.            Enumeration of total cell count of Blood (R.B.C. or W.B.C.) or differential count of peripheral blood or estimation of percentage of Hb.

 

3.            Viva-voce on instruments and apparatus

 

4.            Identification o two Histological slides

 

5.            Experimental physiology

 

6.            Laboratory Note-Book

 

7.            Viva-voce on experiments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PHYSIOLOGY

 

Examination :-

Pattern of   Question  Paper for Ist. B.H.M.S.

                                                                                                               Total 100 Marks

SECTION – A : MCQs.

( Total  30 MCQs )  30 x 1                30 Marks

 

Q.        1.         MCQ is carrying  1 mark each.

 

 

     SECTION – B :-  SAQs.               35 Marks

 

Q.        2.         Solve any  3                                                    5 x 3 = 15 Marks

            A)       -           5 Marks

            B)        -           5 Marks

            C)        -           5 Marks

            D)       -           5 Marks

 

Q.        3.         Answer  any 2 out of 3                             5 x 2  = 10 Marks

            A)       -           5  Marks

            B)        -           5  Marks

            C)        -           5  Marks

 

Q.        4.         Write Short Notes                                              5 x 2 = 10 Marks

            A)       -           5 Marks

            B)        -           5 Marks

 

SECTION – C  :- LAQs                             35 Marks

 

Q.        5.         Long Answer Question                                                   15 Marks

Q.        6.         Long Answer Question                                                   10 Marks

Q.        7.         Long Answer Question                                                   10 Marks

                        OR

Q.        8.         Long Answer Question

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV -  HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA

 

1.      Homoeopathic materia medica is differently constructed as compared to other materia medica. Homoeopathy considered that study of the action of drugs of individual parts of systems of the body or on animals or their isolated organs is only a partial study of life processes under such action and that it does not lead us to a full appreciation of the action of the medicinal agent, the drug agent as a whole is lost sight of.

 

2.     Essential and complete knowledge of the drug action as a whole can be supplied only by qualitative synoptic drug experiments on healthy persons and this alone can make it possible to view all the scattered date in relation to the psychosomatic whole of a person; and it is just such a person as a whole to whom the knowledge of drug action is to be applied.

 

3.      The Homeopathic materia medica consists of a schematic arrangement of symptoms produced by each drug, incorporating no theories or explanations about their interpretation or inter-relationship. Each drug should be studied synthetically, analytically and comparatively, and this alone would enable a homoeopathic student to study each drug individually and as a whole and help him to be a good prescriber.

 

4.      Polychrests and the most commonly indicated drugs for every day aliments should be taken up first so that in the clinical classes or outdoor duties the students become familiar with their applications. They should be thoroughly dealt with explaining all comparisons and relationship. Students should be conversant with their sphere of action and family relationship. The less common and rare drugs should be taught in outline, emphasizing only their most salient features and symptoms. Rare drugs should be dealt with later.

 

5.            Tutorials must be introduced so that students in small numbers can be in close touch with teachers and can be helped to study and understand materia medica in relation to its application in the treatment of the sick.

 

6.            While teaching therapeutics an attempt should be made to recall the materia medica so that indications for drugs in a clinical condition can directly flow out from the provings of the drugs concerned. The student should be encouraged to apply the resources of the vast materia medica in any sickness and not limit himself to memorise a few drugs for a particular disease. This Hahnemannian approach will not only help him in understanding the proper perspective of symptoms as applied and their curative value in sickness but will even lighten his burden as far as formal examinations are concerned. Otherwise the present trend produces the appopathic approach to treatment of diseases and is contradictory to the teaching of Organon.

            Application of materia media should be demonstrated from cases in the out-door and hospital wards.

            Lectures on comparative materia medica and therapeutics as well as tutorials should be as far as possible be integrated with lectures on clinical medicine in the various departments.

7.                                                                  For the teaching of drugs the college should keep harbarium sheets and other specimens for demonstrations to the students. Lectures should be made interesting and slides of plants and materials may be projected.

 

8.            A.    Introductory Lecture Teaching of the homoeopathic materia medica should include :

(a)                                                                           Nature and scope of homoeopathic materia medica

(b)                                                                           Sources of homoeopathic materia medica and

(c)                                                                           Different ways of studying the materia medica

 

         B.        The drugs are to be taught under the following details :

1.                                                                        Common name, natural order, habitat, part used, preparation

2.                                                                        Sources of drug proving.

3.                                                                        Symptomatology of the drug emphasising the characterastic symptoms and modalities.

4.                                                                        Comparative study of drugs.

5.                                                                        Complimentary, inimical, antidotal and concordant remedies.

6.                                                                        Tbcrapeutic applications (applied materia medica)

7.                                                                        A study of 12 tissue remedies according to Schussler’s biochemic system of medicine.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

List of Drugs included in the Syllabus of Materia Medica for the First

 

B.H.M.S., Examination.

 

1

Abrotanum

36

Graphites

2

Aconitum Nap

37

Hepar Sulphy

3

Aesculus Hip

38

Helleborus

4

Aethusa Cyn

39

Hyoscyamus N

5

Allium Cepa

40

Ignatia

6

Aloes Socotrina

41

Ipecac

7

Ammonium Carb

42

Kali Bich

8

Antimonium Curd

43

Kali Karb

9

Antimonium Crud

44

Lachesis

10

Apis Mellifica

45

Lodum Pal

11

Argentum Met

46

Lycopodium

12

Argentum Nit

47

Mercurius Cor.

13

Arnica Montana

48

Mercurius Sol.

14

Arsenicum Alb.

49

Nitric Acid

15

Arum Triph

50

Nux Vomica

16

Aurum Met.

51

Podophylum

17

Baptisia Tin.

52

Pulsatilla

18

Baryta Carb

53

Rhus Tox

19

Belladonna

54

Secal Cor

20

Berberis Vul.

55

Spongia Tosta

21

Borax

56

Sulphur

22

Bryonia Alb

57

Thuja Occ.

23

Calcarea Carb

58

Veratrum Alb.

24

Calendula

59

Calcarea Fluor

25

Carbo Veg

60

Calcarea Phos.

26

Causticum

61

Calcarea Sulph.

27

Chamomilla

62

Ferrum Phos.

28

Cina

63

Kali Mur.

29

Cinachona Off

64

Kali Phos.

30

Colchicum Autm

65

Kali Sulph.

31

Cococynthis

66

Magnesia Phos.

32

Drosera

67

Natrum Mur.

33

Dulcamara

68

Natrum Phos.

34

Euphrasia

69

Natrum Sulph.

35

Gelsemium

70

Sillicea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA

& ORGANON  OF HOMOEOPATHIC PHILOSOPHY

 

Examination :-

Pattern of   Question  Paper for Ist.  B.H.M.S.

 

                                                                                                               Total 100 Marks

SECTION – A : MCQs.

( Total  30 MCQs )  30 x 1                30 Marks

 

Q.        1.         MCQ is carrying  1 mark each.  Each MCQ must have 4

                        distractors.   

                       

                        15 MCQs of Hom. Materia Medica                     15 Marks

                        15 MCQs of Hom. Philosophy                               15 Marks

 

     SECTION – B

HOMOEOPATHIC MATERIA MEDICA

 

 

Q.        2.         SAQ                                                                  5 x 2 = 10 Marks

           

Q.        3.         SAQ  Solve any  3                                          5 x 2 = 10 Marks

A)       -           5 Marks

                        B)        -           5 Marks

                        C)        -           5 Marks

 

Q.        4.         LAQ                                                                           15 Marks

 

SECTION – C 

HOMOEOPATHIC PHILOSOPHY

 

Q.        5.         SAQ                                                                  5 x 2 = 10 Marks

           

Q.        6.         SAQ  Solve any  3                                         5 x 2 = 10 Marks

A)       -           5 Marks

                        B)        -           5 Marks

                        C)        -           5 Marks

 

Q.        7.         LAQ                                                                           15 Marks

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V)     ORGANON AND PRINCIPLES OF HOMOEOPATHIC

 

PHILOSOPHY

 

I, II & III B.H.M.S. EXAMINATIONS

 

            Hahnemann’s Organon of medicine is the high watermark of medical philosophy. It is an original contribution in the field of medicine in a codified form. A study of organon as well as of the history of homoeopathy and its founder’s life story will show that homoeopathy is a product of application of the history of inductive logical method of reasoning to the solution of one of the greatest problems of humanity namely the treatment and cure of the sick. A thorough acquaintance with the fundamental principles of logic, both deductive and inductive is therefore, essential. The Organon should accordingly be taught in such a manner as to make clear to the students the implications of the logical principles by which homoeopathy was worked out and build up and with which a homoeopathy physician has to conduct his daily work with ease and facility in treating every concrete individual case.

         The practical portions should be thoroughly understood and remembered for guidance in practical work as a physician.

 

 

 

SYLLABUS FOR 1ST B.H.M.S. EXAMINATION

 

I. Introductory lectures – 100 lectures.

Subject :

 

1. What is homoeopathy ?

 

It is not merely a special; form of therapeutics but a complete system of medicine with the distinct approach to life, health, diseases, remedy and cure.

Its holistic individualistic and dynamistic approach to life, health, disease, remedy and cure.

-                     Its out and out logical and objective basis and approach

-                     Homoeopathy is nothing but an objective and rational system of medicine

-                     Homoeopathy is thoroughly scientific in the approach and methods.